Sunday, 12 June 2016 14:26

Anticoagulation news items. Weeks commencing 30th May 2016 and 6th June 2016

Endoscopy in patients on antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy, including direct oral anticoagulants: British Society of Gastroenterology (BSG) and European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) guidelines

Gut

These guidelines refer to patients undergoing elective endoscopic gastrointestinal procedures, and make recommendations on the management antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapy based on the risk of procedural haemorrhage vs. thrombosis if therapy is discontinued.

 

Updated European Heart Rhythm Association practical guide on the use of non-vitamin-K antagonist anticoagulants in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: Executive summary—Revision 1

European Heart Journal

This guide has been updated including new information with a balanced guide in the areas where prospective data are still lacking. Changes include a discussion on the definition of 'non-valvular AF' and eligibility for DOAC therapy and finalised information on edoxaban.

 

Risk of intracerebral haemorrhage with alteplase after acute ischaemic stroke: a secondary analysis of an individual patient data meta-analysis

The Lancet Neurology

Analysis (n= 6756 in 9 trials of alteplase vs. control) found that in alteplase group, net outcome is predicted both by time to treatment (faster time increasing % achieving excellent outcome) and stroke severity (more severe increasing absolute risk of intracerebral bleed).

 

One versus two years of elastic compression stockings for prevention of post-thrombotic syndrome (OCTAVIA study): randomised controlled trial

British Medical Journal

Non-inferiority trial (n=518) found that stopping elastic compression stockings (ECS) after one year in compliant patients with proximal deep venous thrombosis (DVT) seemed not to be non-inferior to continuing ECS therapy for 2 years, with an NNT of 14.

 

Antithrombotic therapy in heart failure (HF) patients with and without atrial fibrillation (AF): update and future challenges

European Heart Journal

This review provides a perspective on the use of antithrombotic treatments in patients with both AF and HF, and in patients with HF and sinus rhythm, with particular attention to the NOACs, and provides background for therapeutic, outcome and trial improvement.

 

Extended Thromboprophylaxis with Betrixaban in Acutely Ill Medical Patients

New England Journal of Medicine

In this RCT (n=7513), the primary efficacy outcome of composite asymptomatic proximal deep-vein thrombosis and symptomatic venous thromboembolism was not statistically significant (6.9% for betrixaban v 8.5% for enoxaparin in the group with raised d-dimer levels.

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services