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Friday, 01 July 2016 19:18

Anticoagulation news items. Weeks commencing 27th June 2016

The association between non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants and gastrointestinal bleeding: a meta-analysis of observational studies

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

Meta-analysis of 8 cohort studies suggest a slightly higher risk of gastrointestinal bleeding with dabigatran use compared with warfarin (risk ratio 1.21; 95% CI, 1.05-1.39), but no significant difference was found between rivaroxaban and warfarin.

 

Major Bleeding and Hemorrhagic Stroke With Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Patients With Renal Failure: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials

Chest

Study (n=94,897) found direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) had decreased risk for major bleeding vs vitamin K antagonists when estimated creatinine clearance (eCrCL) 50-80mL/min (RR 0.87, 95%CI 0.81-0.93). However, DOACs' bleeding risk differs from each other when eCrCL<50mL/min.

 

On-Treatment Outcomes in Patients With Worsening Renal Function With Rivaroxaban Compared With Warfarin: Insights From ROCKET AF

Circulation

Analysis (n=12,612) found among those with on-treatment worsening renal function, rivaroxaban (RV) was linked to lower rates of stroke/systemic embolism vs. warfarin, without increase in composite bleeding endpoint. This was not seen in patients with stable renal function on RV.

 

Two-year outcomes of patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation: results from GARFIELD-AF

European Heart Journal

Two-year outcomes from ongoing, global observational study (n=17,162) found death was most frequent adverse outcome. Stroke-related mortality was not most frequent cause of death, suggesting that as well as anticoagulation, a more comprehensive approach to management is needed.

 

New "Aspirin-Guide" App for clinicians to help personalise decisions about aspirin use developed by Brigham and Women's Hospital researchers

Biospace Inc.

Researchers have developed a new, free mobile app, "Aspirin-Guide" that calculates both the CVD risk score and the bleeding risk score for individual patients, and helps clinicians decide which patients are appropriate candidates for the use of low-dose aspirin (75 - 81mg daily).

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services