Saturday, 06 August 2016 09:33

Anticoagulation news items. Weeks commencing 25th July 2016 and 1st August 2016

Self-monitoring and self-management of oral anticoagulation therapy

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Review of 28 RCTs (n=8,950) found a reduction in thromboembolic events in the pooled estimate of self-monitoring or self-management vs standard monitoring (HR, 0.58; 95%CI, 0.45-0.75). No reduction in all-cause mortality or incidence of major or minor haemorrhage was seen.

 

Economic burden of non-malignant blood disorders across Europe: a population-based cost study

The Lancet Haematology

Non-malignant disorders of the blood cost the 31 European countries €11 billion in 2012. Health-care costs accounted for €8 billion (75% of total costs), productivity losses for €2 billion (19%), and informal care for less than €1 billion (6%).

 

Heparin for the prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infants

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

There is very limited data on effect of prophylactic heparin on incidence and severity of intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH). Both the identified trials used
heparin in the context of maintaining umbilical line patency and not specifically to prevent germinal matrix IVH.

 

Impact of age on long-term anticoagulation and how gender and monitoring setting affect it: implications for decision making and patient management

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

Study (n=2094) found that frequency of warfarin dose changes and INR monitoring events declined until around age 67, then increased as patients got older.

 

Anticoagulation versus antiplatelet or no therapy in patients undergoing bioprosthetic valve implantation: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Heart

In a meta-analysis of 2 randomised and 12 observational studies, there was no benefit of adding a vitamin K antagonist (VKA) with regards to thromboembolism or mortality, versus antiplatelet /no therapy. However, use of a VKA was linked to increased risk of major bleeding.

 

Venous thromboembolism in medical patients during hospitalisation and 3 months after hospitalisation: a prospective observational study

BMJ Open

Australian study (n=986) found 54 (5.5%) developed venous thromboembolism (VTE), of which 25.9% (14/54) had detected VTE post-hospitalisation with increased risk if there was history of VTE, recent surgery and pulmonary conditions, suggesting potential role of thromboprophylaxis.

 

Evaluation of two new NICE indicators to help GPs and CCGs improve identification and management of atrial fibrillation (AF)

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

In 2017, 30 UK GP practices will test these indicators. GPs will routinely test anyone >65 years for AF and assess how often someone with AF discusses treatment with GP. If these measures are found to improve AF identification/management, they could be rolled out in 2017/18.

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services