Monday, 29 August 2016 19:17

Anticoagulation news items. Weeks commencing 22nd August 2016

Rivaroxaban versus warfarin to treat patients with thrombotic antiphospholipid syndrome, with or without systemic lupus erythematosus (RAPS): a randomised, controlled, open-label, phase 2/3, non-inferiority trial

The Lancet Haematology

Results from this RCT (n=110) showed that rivaroxaban and warfarin both inhibit thrombin generation in patients with venous thromboembolism and
antiphospholipid syndrome, and rivaroxaban may be an effective alternative to warfarin in this group of patients.

 

Self‐monitoring and self‐management of oral anticoagulation

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Review found self-monitoring or self-management can improve quality of oral anticoagulation therapy and reduced thromboembolic events. A reduction in
all-cause mortality was observed in trials of self-management but not in self-monitoring, with no effects on major haemorrhage.

 

New perspectives on atrial fibrillation and stroke

Heart

The current stroke-prevention strategy in embolic and cryptogenic stroke starts with arrhythmia detection, followed by risk stratification and treatment for
those deemed to be at increased risk. This paper reviews recent findings that challenge this practice paradigm.

 

Mechanical thrombectomy after intravenous alteplase versus alteplase alone after stroke (THRACE): a randomised controlled trial

The Lancet Neurology

In this RCT of 410 patients comparing mechanical thrombectomy (MT) with standard iv thrombolysis (IVT) vs IVT alone, the addition of MT significantly improved functional independence in patients with acute cerebral ischaemia (p=0.028), with no evidence of increased mortality.

 

Andexanet Alfa, factor Xa inhibitor antidote, accepted for review by European Medicines Agency (EMA)

Biospace Inc.

The EMA's Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use will now begin the centralized review procedure for andexanet alfa, a modified human Factor Xa molecule that acts as a decoy to target and sequester both oral and injectable Factor Xa inhibitors in the blood.

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services