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Friday, 03 July 2020 12:31

Anticoagulation news items. Week commencing 29th June 2020

Safety and effectiveness of a four-factor prothrombin complex concentrate for vitamin K antagonist reversal following a fixed-dose strategy

European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy

Retrospective study (n=145) reported that INR target was reached in 102 patients, aPTT ratio target was reached in 113 patients, and 79 of 106 patients reversed for bleeding achieved haemostatic effectiveness after four-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (all p<0.0001).

 

Patterns of oral anticoagulation use with cardioversion in clinical practice

Heart
Analysis of AF registry data (n=13 004; 1613 met criteria) reported no differences in death (HR 1.19, 95% CI 0.62 -2.28, p=0.61), stroke/TIA (1.18; 0.30 -4.74; p=0.81) or major bleeding (1.29; 0.66 -2.52; p=0.45) at 1 year in patients treated with DOAC vs vitamin K antagonist.

 

Revised SPC: Tygacil (tigecycline) 50mg powder for solution for infusion

electronic Medicines compendium
Recommendation has been added regarding the need for monitoring of coagulation parameters, including blood fibrinogen, prior to and during tigecycline treatment; as well as a related update to frequency of existing side effect hypofibrinogenaemia from not known to rare.

 

Direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs): reminder of bleeding risk, including availability of reversal agents

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency
Alert advises on need to remain vigilant, especially in patients with increased bleeding risks; and that specific reversal agents are available for dabigatran (Praxbind, [idarucizumab]), apixaban and rivaroxaban (Ondexxya [andexanet alfa]).

 

Cangrelor, Tirofiban and Chewed or Standard Prasugrel Regimens in Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction: Primary Results of the FABOLUS FASTER Trial

Circulation
RCT (n=122) reports cangrelor provided inferior inhibition of platelet aggregation (IPA) vs. tirofiban; both treatments yielded greater IPA vs. chewed prasugrel (which led to higher active metabolite concentration but not greater IPA compared with standard prasugrel tablet).

 

New product Inhixa (enoxaparin sodium) 30,000 IU (300 mg)/3 mL solution for injection in multidose vial

electronic Medicines compendium
This is new presentation, licensed for VTE treatment and medical and surgical prophylaxis, ACS, treatment of unstable angina & non ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), STEMI, and prevention of thrombus formation in extra corporeal circulation during haemodialysis.

 

Endotheliopathy in COVID-19-associated coagulopathy: evidence from a single-centre, cross-sectional study

The Lancet Haematology
Study (n=68) found coagulation activation is common in hospitalised patients with COVID-19, with elevated plasma von Willebrand factor levels increasing with disease severity. Findings identify a potential prognostic role for measurement of endothelial markers in this setting.

 

Revised SPCs: Pradaxa (dabigatran) hard capsules

electronic Medicines compendium
SPC updated to add 'neutropenia' and 'agranulocytosis' as adverse reactions (frequency not known).

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

 

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services