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Saturday, 25 July 2020 09:53

Anticoagulation news items. Week commencing 20th July 2020

DTB select: MHRA DOAC safety reminder

Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
It is noted that there has been a considerable increase in use of DOACs and a move to switch to them from warfarin during coronavirus pandemic due to less onerous monitoring, but it is stressed regular monitoring of renal function and appropriate dose adjustment still needed.

 

Age- and Weight-Adapted Dose of Prasugrel Versus Standard Dose of Ticagrelor in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes

Annals of Internal Medicine
Subgroup analysis (n=3997) found that in elderly or low-weight patients with ACS, a reduced dose of prasugrel compared with the standard dose of ticagrelor is associated with maintained anti-ischaemic efficacy while protecting these patients against the excess risk for bleeding.

 

Assessment of Shared Decision-making for Stroke Prevention in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Randomized Clinical Trial

JAMA Internal Medicine
RCT (n=922 pts,244 clinicians) found shared decision-making (SDM) encounter tool (individualised risk estimates & compares anticoagulant treatment options across issues of importance to patients) improved several measures of SDM quality and clinician satisfaction vs standard care.

 

Thrombosis in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19 in a New York City Health System

Journal of the American Medical Association
Among 3334 patients, a thrombotic event occurred in 16.0% and was independently associated with mortality (HR 1.82; 95% CI, 1.54-2.15; P < .001). D-dimer level at presentation was independently associated with thrombotic events, consistent with an early coagulopathy.

 

Efficacy and safety of clopidogrel versus prasugrel and ticagrelor for coronary artery disease treatment in patients with CYP2C19 LoF alleles: a systemic review and meta‐analysis

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Review of 12 studies (5,829 patients with CYP2C19 loss‐of‐function alleles) found those given ticagrelor or prasugrel had a lower risk of MACE (RR=0.52), CV death (0.41), all cause death (0.44) and stent thrombosis (0.55) than those who received clopidogrel (all p<0.05).

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services