Items filtered by date: February 2017

Myocardial Infarction Risk after Discontinuation of Thienopyridine Therapy in the Randomized DAPT Study

Circulation

Among 11,648 randomised patients, monthly cumulative incidence of MI was lower with continued thienopyridine vs. placebo at 12-15 months (0.12% vs. 0.37%, p<0.001) and higher at 30-33 months (0.30% vs. 0.15%, p=0.013). Majority of MIs were not related to stent thrombosis.

 

Real-life treatment of venous thromboembolism with direct oral anticoagulants: The influence of recommended dosing and regimens

Thrombosis and Haemostasis

Spanish registry study (n=1725) noted patients on DOACs at non-recommended doses and/or regimens experienced higher rate of venous thromboembolism recurrences (HR:10.5;95 %CI:1.28–85.9) and similar rate of major bleeding/death vs. those on recommended doses and regimens.

 

Effect of Fibrinogen Concentrate on Intraoperative Blood Loss Among Patients With Intraoperative Bleeding During High-Risk Cardiac Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Journal of the American Medical Association

RCT (n=120) found among patients with intraoperative bleeding during high-risk cardiac surgery, administration of IV single dose fibrinogen concentrate, vs.
placebo, resulted in no significant difference in the amount of intraoperative blood loss (50 vs. 70mL, respectively).

 

New product: FibCLOT 1.5 g. powder and solvent for solution for injection/infusion (human fibrinogen)

electronic Medicines Compendium

FibCLOT is licensed for the treatment and perioperative prophylaxis of bleeding in patients with congenital hypo- or afibrinogenaemia with bleeding tendency.

 

Outcomes Associated With Resuming Warfarin Treatment After Hemorrhagic Stroke or Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

JAMA Internal Medicine

Study of 2415 patients who experienced a traumatic intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) or haemorrhagic stroke (HS) showed resuming warfarin therapy was associated with lower rate of ischaemic stroke or systemic embolism. However, in those with HS, a high rate of ICH was observed.

 

Effects of dabigatran according to age in atrial fibrillation

Heart

Analysis (n=10855) found effects of dabigatran vs. warfarin on stroke prevention/intracranial bleeding were consistent across all ages. Effects of dabigatran on extracranial major bleeding were age dependent, supporting use of 110 mg BD dose for elderly patients (≥80 years).

 

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) with oral anticoagulants: a threat or not?

Heart

This editorial discusses the background of DILI, highlighting that it can develop with the use of nearly any drug. It then goes on to discuss the current
evidence base for DILI with oral anticoagulants, reviewing the use of the newer drugs in liver impairment vs. warfarin.

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Risk of major bleeding and stroke associated with the use of VKAs, NOACs and aspirin in patients with atrial fibrillation: a cohort study

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

Retrospective cohort study (n=31,497) found NOACs and vitamin K antagonists equally effective in preventing stroke but NOACs were linked to higher risk of GI bleeding (HR 2.63, 95% CI 1.50-4.62), particularly in women. Aspirin was not effective in prevention of stroke in AF.

 

Edoxaban for the Prevention of Thromboembolism in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Bioprosthetic Valves

Circulation

191 patients in ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial had bioprosthetic valves, of which those on higher-dose edoxaban (HDED) had similar rates of stroke/ systemic embolic events (S/SEE) and major bleeding (MB) vs warfarin. Patients on lower DED had similar rates of S/SEE but lower rates of MB.

 

Diagnosis and management of acute deep vein thrombosis: a joint consensus document from the European society of cardiology working groups of aorta and peripheral circulation and pulmonary circulation and right ventricular function

European Heart Journal

This covers diagnosis, initial (first 5–21 days) and long-term (first 3–6 months) phase management, extended phase management (beyond first 3–6 months), and special situations.

 

Postapproval Observational Studies of Non–Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation

Journal of the American Medical Association

Review notes that despite limitations of observational data about NOAC use for stroke prevention in AF, they do broadly confirm results of the pivotal NOAC
RCTs and show that these agents are viable alternatives to warfarin in routine clinical practice.

 

Prevention of thromboembolic complications in patients with superficial-vein thrombosis given rivaroxaban or fondaparinux: the open-label, randomised, non-inferiority SURPRISE phase 3b trial

The Lancet Haematology

Study (n=435) reports primary outcome (composite of symptomatic DVT or PE, progression or recurrence of superficial vein-thrombosis, and all-cause
mortality at 45 days) occurred in 3% of those on rivaroxaban v 2% of those on fondaparinux (HR 1.9, p=0·0025 for non-inferiority).

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services

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Management of Patients on Non–Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in the Acute Care and Periprocedural Setting: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

Circulation

This statement reviews the literature and offers practical suggestions for providers who manage patients who are actively bleeding and who are at risk
for bleeding in the acute care and periprocedural setting.

 

Peri-Operative Management of Anticoagulation and Antiplatelet Therapy

British Society for Haematology

This guideline will consider whether and when anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents should be stopped before elective surgery and invasive procedures,
when agents can be restarted and how to manage patients on these drugs who require emergency surgery.

 

Effectiveness and safety of reduced dose non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants and warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation: propensity weighted nationwide cohort study

British Medical Journal

Study (n=55,644) found no significant difference (SD) vs. warfarin (WF) in ischaemic stroke/systemic embolism rates with apixaban (AP) 2.5mg or in
thromboembolic rates with dabigatran (DB) 110mg and rivaroxaban (RV) 15mg. There was no SD in bleeding rates between AP and RV vs. WF

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services

Published in News