Items filtered by date: April 2018

Tenecteplase versus Alteplase before Thrombectomy for Ischemic Stroke

New England Journal of Medicine

RCT (n=202) found tenecteplase before thrombectomy was linked to higher incidence of reperfusion (22 v. 10%, p=0.002 noninferiority; p=0.03 superiority), and better functional vs. alteplase among patients with ischaemic stroke treated within 4.5 hours after symptom onset.

 

Triple antithrombotic therapy after ACS and PCI in patients on chronic oral anticoagulation: update

Heart

Update describes clinical risks and benefits, provides a state-of-the-art exposition of clinical studies in the field, including recent studies of DOACs, and explores clinically oriented scenarios, and theory/practice of using combinations of anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs.

 

Incident Risk Factors and Major Bleeding in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Treated with Oral Anticoagulants: A Comparison of Baseline, Follow-up and Delta HAS-BLED Scores with an Approach Focused on Modifiable Bleeding Risk Factors

Thrombosis and Haemostasis

In atrial fibrillation patients (n=19,566) receiving warfarin, follow-up HAS-BLED i.e. 'delta HAS-BLED score' was more predictive of major bleeding compared with baseline HAS-BLED or the simple determination of 'modifiable bleeding risk factors'.

 

Stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation: re-defining ‘real-world data’ within the broader data universe

European Heart Journal

This review describes the strengths and weaknesses of observational and non-observational studies, and studies involving real-world data (RWD) and non-RWD, focusing on anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation.

 

Home versus in-patient treatment for deep vein thrombosis

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Review of 7 RCTs (n=1839) found low-quality evidence that patients treated at home with low molecular weight heparin are less likely to have VTE recurrence vs. those treated in hospital. However, data show no clear differences in major/minor bleeding, nor in mortality.

 

Oral antiplatelet agents – are they safe in breastfeeding?

Specialist Pharmacy Service

This updated medicines Q&A provides advice on the safety of oral antiplatelet agents (aspirin, dipyridamole, clopidogrel, prasugrel, and ticagrelor) in breastfeeding mothers.

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services

 

 

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Preventability of serious thromboembolic and bleeding events related to the use of oral anticoagulants: a prospective study

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

Analysis of data from 46 DOAC and 43 VKA patients admitted with a thrombotic or bleeding event shows that 53% of DOAC‐ and 61% of VKA‐related serious ADRs were deemed potentially preventable, with prescribing issues and inadequate monitoring the most pertinent causative factors.

 

US FDA grants “Breakthrough Therapy Designation” for emicizumab (Hemlibra) for hemophilia A without factor VIII inhibitors

Biospace Inc.

The designation was based on results from the Phase III HAVEN 3 clinical trial, in which patients received the drug subcutaneously. Those receiving the drug showed a reduction in treated bleeds compared to the group that did not receive prophylactic treatment.

 

US FDA approves fostamatinib disodium hexahydrate for thrombocytopenia in adults with chronic immune thrombocytopenia

PharmaTimes

The approval for use is in patients who have failed to respond to previous treatment. Fostamatinib is a Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) inhibitor, currently in phase III development in the EU.

 

US FDA approves Vonvendi (von Willebrand factors) for perioperative management of bleeding in adults with von Willebrand disease

PharmaTimes

The therapy was initially approved in the US for on-demand treatment and control of bleeding episodes, and is the first and only recombinant treatment for adults living with von Willebrand disease, the most common inherited bleeding disorder.

 

Direct oral anticoagulants versus warfarin for preventing stroke and systemic embolic events among atrial fibrillation patients with chronic kidney disease

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

This review (5 studies; n=12,545) concludes that DOAC are as likely as warfarin to prevent all strokes and systemic embolic events without increasing risk of major bleeding events among AF patients with kidney impairment. The results chiefly apply to CKD stage G3 patients.

 

Safety and efficacy of dual vs. triple antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation following percutaneous coronary intervention: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials

European Heart Journal

Review (4 RCTs; n=5137), found that dual antithrombotic therapy reduced TIMI major or minor bleeding by 47% vs triple therapy [4.3 vs. 9.0%; HR, 0.53) with comparable outcomes of major adverse cardiac events (10.4% vs. 10.0%; 0.85).

 

Anticoagulation for the initial treatment of venous thromboembolism in people with cancer

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

This review (15 RCTs; n=1615) concludes LMWH likely decreases 3-month mortality compared to UFH (risk difference: 57 fewer per 1000; 95% CI 101 fewer to 17 more; moderate evidence). The choice should balance benefits and harms and consider the person's values and preferences.

 

Prognostic Significance of Nuisance Bleeding in Anticoagulated Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

Circulation

This analysis of registry data (n=6771) found documented minor bleeding was common (20%) but not associated with a statistically significantly increased risk of major bleeding or stroke/systemic embolism, suggesting occurrence should not lead to changes in treatment strategy.

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services

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Apixaban compared to heparin/vitamin K antagonist in patients with atrial fibrillation scheduled for cardioversion: the EMANATE trial

European Heart Journal

In this randomised comparison involving 1500 patients it was shown that rates of strokes, systemic emboli, deaths, and bleeds were low for both apixaban and heparin/vitamin K antagonist (eg warfarin) treated AF patients undergoing cardioversion.

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services

Published in News