Items filtered by date: August 2020

Perioperative oral eltrombopag versus intravenous immunoglobulin in patients with immune thrombocytopenia: a non-inferiority, multicentre, randomised trial

The Lancet Haematology

In this Canadian RCT (n=74) eltrombopag was non-inferior to IV immunoglobulin; with perioperative platelet targets achieved in 79% on eltrombopag and 61% on IV immunoglobulin (absolute risk difference 17.8%, p for non-inferiority=0.005). Eltrombopag was linked to 1 case of PE.

 

Pharmacological interventions for preventing clotting of extracorporeal circuits during continuous renal replacement therapy

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Current evidence (34 RCTs; n=1960) does not support overall superiority of any anticoagulant. Compared to unfractionated heparin, citrate probably reduces major bleeding and probably has little or no effect on preventing clotting or death at 28 days. Further studies are required.

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services

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Management of Acute Pulmonary Embolism

Journal of the American Medical Association

This guidelines synopsis focuses on 2019 guidance from the European Society of Cardiology on diagnosis and management of acute pulmonary embolism, a common and potentially fatal disease with an estimated incidence of 0.7 to 1.4 per 1000 person-years.

Venous Thromboembolism Risk Assessment in Psychiatric Inpatients Audit

Sussex Partnership NHS Foundation Trust
The aim of this audit was to assess the use of VTE risk assessments and management of high-risk groups of psychiatric inpatients, and identify and implement ways in which VTE risk assessment can be carried out more systematically.

 

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services

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Dual Antiplatelet Therapy After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention and Drug-Eluting Stents: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis

Circulation
Review (24 RCTs, n=79,073) found short-term (<6-month) dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) followed by P2Y12 inhibitor (e.g. clopidogrel) monotherapy reduces major bleeding, while extended-term (>12-month), reduces myocardial infarction at the expense of more bleeding events.

 

Non‐vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) post‐percutaneous coronary intervention: a network meta‐analysis

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Review (5 RCTs, n=8,373) found no meaningful difference in efficacy outcomes between NOAC and vitamin K antagonists following percutaneous coronary interventions in people with non‐valvular atrial fibrillation; but NOACs may reduce risk of hospitalisation for adverse events.

 

Pulmonary embolism: update on management and controversies

British Medical Journal

Review covers epidemiology, diagnosis, PE in pregnancy and cancer, thrombophilia testing, antiphospholipid syndrome, recurrent PE, risk assessment, outpatient versus inpatient management, choice of anticoagulation treatment, long term effects of PE and emerging treatments.

 

 

 

The above records have been identified by UKMi and feature in the NICE Medicines Awareness Service. Further details on this service can be found at:

 

http://www.evidence.nhs.uk/about-evidence-services/content-and-sources/medicines-information/new-medicines-awareness-services

 

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